Broadcasting means allocating content, audio or video, to a dispersed audience using an electronic communication medium. Broadcasting transmissions use wires and radio waves for transmission and are more often related to radios and television. The receiving parties should have the appropriate technology in order to be able to receive the signal.
Radio Broadcasting is over the radio, one way wireless transmission to reach a wide audience. Audio broadcasting is done using radio stations but can also be done using cable radios, satellite radio, and local television networks or can also be streamed on the internet. Transmissions of television and radio via streaming digital technology have increasingly been referred to as broadcasting as well, though, if you go to see in technical terms, this is not correct. Radio broadcasting includes AM and FM stations.
The field of Broadcast Engineering is that field of electrical engineering that, now, to some extent is connected to Computer Engineering and also Information Technology, and most commonly deals with radio and television broadcasting. Audio Engineering and Radio Frequency Engineering are subsets of Electrical Engineering that are essential parts of Broadcast Engineering.
With digital broadcasting becoming more efficient nowadays, broadcast engineers now should also be well versed with analogue principles along with digital television and digital radio. You work at transmission facilities and your job is to air TV shows etc. But make no mistake; you have to do a lot more than just turn on a TV switch. You will require in depth technical knowledge in order to use and maintain the broadcasting equipment that ensures smooth transmissions.
Broadcast engineers can get jobs in the television world as well as radio stations, film industries etc. and are solely responsible for handling broadcasting equipment and transmission facilities. With production deadlines perpetually in the air, they should be able to cope up with time and high pressure and should be comfortable whilst working in a swift environment. They can also work with the government and private communication organization firms. Besides, space and marine agencies also have job openings for them.
A Broadcast Engineer doesn’t need to have any degree requirements per se, but he has to be able to snap up everything he learns from his seniors as he will require the job training before he actually starts working his way to the top. Your work place and your role or designation along with your skills will prove to be a major factor in your success as in this field. Some of the skills you would want to possess to be a successful broadcasting engineer are the ability to learn new things, new technology etc. and improvise, strong computer skills, great attention to detail, excellent communication skills etc. A Broadcast engineer’s prime duty is to normalize and optimize signal strength, range of resonance and also the colors that are broadcast.
The Apex Body of government, Broadcast Engineering Society (BES) India, maintains affairs of broadcast engineering as a professional career in India. Broadcast Engineering is not a recognized degree course for undergraduate students but specialization at a post graduate level is offered at some institutes. Organizations dealing with communication service have a demand for Broadcast Engineers.
The pay packages in this field are excellent. A fresh candidate can start with a handsome wage of around Rs. 15,000 – Rs. 20,000 per month. If you have further brilliant skills, you can also ask for Rs. 25,000 per month which is only going to increase. Once you have a firm leg in this field, you can earn around Rs. 50,000 – Rs. 60,000 per month which depends on the employer. But yet again, if you have the skills, the pay can shoot up incredibly. The government provides living and medical facilities and also other facilities. Television stations usually pay higher salaries than radio stations; commercial broadcasting usually pays more than public broadcasting; and stations in large markets pay more than those in small markets.