Journalism is collecting, processing, and distributing news and information directly or indirectly to the news to the viewers or listeners. The word applies to both the method of collecting, inquiring for news and the lettered style which is used to broadcast it.
The media, which pilots journalism, varies diversely to include content, published via print journalism, broadcast journalism, and their digital versions published through digital media.
As the saying goes, “The pen is mightier than the sword”; the young blood is more than attracted to journalism and many want to pursue it as a career. Everyday, there are several political, cultural, religious, educational, social and natural events, etc. events happening across the world. We come to know about these events sitting in our houses. That is possible through mass communication, feeding information to a large crowd at the same time. But, for this, someone has to gather and segregate the information as well as present it. This is the main aspect of journalism. Journalism includes investigating, surveying and reporting local as well as world events, hot trends, current affairs etc.
To be a journalist, you need to have an inquisitive and investigative mind, you need to be alert always; you should also be adaptive and tolerant during difficult situations. You also need to possess good communication skills and a strong hold over your language; confidence, enthusiasm, perseverance, the ability to differentiate between fact and fiction, meeting deadlines, strong team-work and sensitivity towards different views, knowledge on topics such as politics, religion, social and current affairs are deeply required to be top notch. People foresee Journalism as an exclusive writing field, but no, it is also about reading and the ability to express one’s thoughts on different topics. Journalism is for people who are on the go and are also ready to go beyond geographical boundaries.
Print and electronic media are the different categories in which the media can be divided. Print media, as the name suggests includes newspapers, magazines, journals, diaries and books etc. Television, radio and the internet can be included under Electronic Media. Journalism is of different types and everyone has aces in a different way; you maybe clicking good photos, you may write good articles, you may even be a very good news reporter. So here are a few other areas in the field of journalism:
TYPES OF JOURNALISM
Print journalism, as the name suggests, is related to print media like newspapers or magazines. They may be working as full-time reporters for one particular publication or news brand or freelance writers who lend a helping hand to a variety of different publications. It is generally seen that a print journalist will be paired with a photojournalist who will take appropriate pictures to complement the written article.
Photojournalists are poles apart from traditional photographers. They are more enthusiastic in capturing images that flash headlines and recite stories than ones that are just pleasant to the eye. Photojournalists are generally highly-trained photographers who may have worked in a traditional photography medium like wedding photography before switching to journalism.
Broadcast journalism incorporates both television and radio news. Journalists can choose to be involved in broadcast journalism in two ways; either they can work behind the scenes or on air. Journalists working behind the scenes do a lot of research, writing and reporting, but as the names goes, are not seen at the forefront. Journalists who work on air may do their own reporting or read stories crafted by their colleagues. Basically these people’s only job is to look good and speak fluent English.
Multimedia is the newest field of journalism and also the fastest-growing. Multimedia Journalism covers all of the types of journalism listed above as stories, photos, audios and even videos can be incorporated on a webpage. A Multimedia Journalist should have the ability to create nice and interesting stories; basically they should possess good storytelling abilities and good technical skills as well.
With the ever-changing society, even this field has gone through a remarkable change. A journalist is expected to cover stories on various aspects of day to day life i.e. politics, finance, crime, sports, spiritual topics, entertainment etc. Also, along with newspapers, the rate of increase in the number of magazines is also stupendous and so journalist can even try their hand in this field considering the various types of magazines available like fashion, travel, lifestyle, sports etc available in different languages.
As a journalist, you can work in advertising agencies, educational institutions, news centers, publication houses and many more but since this is a highly competitive field, you have to perform at the highest level in order to succeed. However, if you perceive passion for the field and also are a hard working individual, this can prove to be a fulfilling occupation.
Students stand the chance of getting jobs with news channels and with leading publications if they are highly skilled. Chances are that they might get paid internships in these organizations. The starting pay for trainees will be as much as Rs. 3,500-Rs. 5,000 a month. A reporter can easily earn around Rs. 8,000 – Rs.12, 500. Those who are employed at the post of editors can be paid in the range of Rs. 13,000 – Rs. 17,000.
- Entry Level Designations: Content Writer, Editor, Photojournalist etc.
- Mid-Level Designations: Reporter, Public Relation Specialist etc.
- Experienced Designations: Senior Journalist etc.
- In the late years: Editor in Chief etc.